Effects of Heat-Treatment on the Microstructure of TiAl-Nb Produced with Laser Metal Deposition Technique




Abstract: Ti and its intermetallic alloys are light-weight and have good creep properties. Materials of this nature are desired for the manufacturing of parts for the aerospace, automotive and power plants. Titanium aluminides, in particular, are preferred due to their lightness and excellent creep properties when compared to nickel super-alloys. This paper looked into the production of titanium aluminide microstructures, the so-called ordered α2-Ti3Al-Nb, making use of the in-situ laser metal alloying additive manufacturing approach, and the impact of heat treatment on microstructural evolution and hardness measurements. Ti-33Al-8Nb alloy was produced by melting the elemental powders in a laser melt-pool. The resulting microstructure was characterised for composition and hardness measurements before and after heat treatment. The As-produced sample was dense and had lamella with the observed grains. Microhardness of 5550.5 was reported. Heat treatment at 1200°C, as oppose to other heating profiles, resulted in a homogeneous structure with refined lamella observed inside the preserved grain structures. Contrary, non-homogeneous structure with coarsened lamella inside elongated grains was observed at 1400°C. Micro-hardness of 4520.5 was reported. These results are summarised in Figure 4.

Authors: Monnamme Tlotleng, Thabo Lengopeng, Mandy Seerane, and Sisa Pityana

Keywords: Hardness, Heat-Treatment, Laser, Microstructure, Niobium and Titanium Aluminides

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8 pages